The best introduction to CO2 fractionation process

HOW TO CHOOSE THE RIGHT CO2 EXTRACTOR?

CO2 Extraction Machine Buyer’s Guide

As you can imagine, not all supercritical CO2 extractors are made the same.
For more than 30 years, we have customized many CO2 extraction machines (Tabletop CO2 Extractor) for many companies and university laboratories (1 lb CO2 extractor). Because each customer’s CO2 extraction process requirements are different, there are almost no identical machines.

How many liters of CO2 extraction vessel are needed?

The first factor that determines the size of the CO2 extraction vessel is the daily working hours of the plant, which determines the daily extraction batch. The vessel size of the CO2 extractor depends on the biomass to be processed per day.

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How many separators are needed?

How can I custom my separator when I need more terpenes in my How can I custom my separators when need more terpenes in CBD oil extraction process?
Waxes separation and Light oil separation in 1st separator;
Light oil separation in 2nd separator;
To trap lightest and volatile compounds in 3rd separator.
It is important to choose the right vessel size that will meet your current needs as well as future demand.

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How many pressure is best for your CO2 extraction process requirements?

The choice of CO2 extraction pressure is a changing factor. If the extraction pressure is too high, the useless substances in the plant will be extracted, such as wax and chlorophyll. If the extraction pressure is too low, the extraction time will be increased.

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How can the minimum operating costs be achieved?

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Further Reading: CBD Oil CO2 Extraction Machine

What is CO2 extraction process?

Supercritical carbon dioxide extraction has the advantages of high selectivity to solutes and low operating temperature, which can avoid thermal damage and no solvent residues.

In addition, carbon dioxide has the advantages of safety, non-toxicity, non-reactivity and easy complete separation from solutes, so it is quite popular among scholars and Industry attention.

Supercritical CO2 fractionation machine
Supercritical CO2 fractionation equipment

CO2 Fractionation

Reduce cholesterol of CO2 fractionation

Since the 1980s, many researchers have applied the supercritical carbon dioxide extraction process to reduce cholesterol in foods.

Among them, the extraction of cholesterol in fats is the most researched, and butter is the most commonly studied in fats. It was used to extract cholesterol and oil from egg yolk and egg powder.

In addition, it is also used for the extraction of cholesterol in fish oil, squid oil, butter, lard, fish meat, beef, etc.

Traditional distillation technology

Generally, traditional distillation technology uses the difference in relative volatility between substances to achieve the purpose of separation.

When the relative volatility is less than 1.1, it is not economical to use traditional distillation technology to separate.

For systems with azeotropes, they cannot even be separated. At this time, special distillation techniques, such as azeotropic distillation, extractive distillation, salt-added distillation, pressure-sensitive distillation, and reactive distillation, are needed to achieve the purpose of purification.

Supercritical CO2 fractionation

Principle of sff

Principles of Supercritical Fluid Fractionation
Principles of Supercritical Fluid Fractionation

The liquid feed of supercritical fluid fractionation enters from the upper or middle section of the fractionation tower, and after reverse contact with the supercritical carbon dioxide entering from the bottom of the tower, the difference in the solubility of the separated matter in carbon dioxide is used to make the separated distillate and residue The materials flow out from the top and bottom of the tower.

Fractionation column for supercritical CO2 application of capsanthin extraction
Fractionation column for supercritical CO2 application of capsanthin extraction

Features

Because the reflux of the supercritical fluid fractionation packing section increases the temperature along the packing column at a certain pressure, reduces the solvent capacity, and makes the fraction with less solubility separate from the supercritical fluid phase, so the temperature difference in the fractionation section directly affects The size of the reflux and the larger temperature difference are beneficial to improve the separation efficiency.
  • In addition, for the distillation and purification of alcohols, the use of supercritical carbon dioxide can destroy the azeotropic situation.
  • After solving the traditional distillation, the azeotrope still needs to be purified by molecular sieves.
  • Traditional distillation is operated at high temperature, which easily causes the destruction of active substances in biotech products.
  • Fractionation through supercritical carbon dioxide is low in operation temperature and can be recovered as long as the pressure is reduced, which not only avoids the destruction of effective ingredients, but also Reach the goal of energy saving and carbon reduction.
  • In addition to the component separation of the activity of the crude extract obtained from the extraction to achieve the purpose of “concentration and purification”, if the separation is azeotropic, it cannot be separated by traditional distillation, such as the separation of water and IPA, which can also be easily achieved with this technology.
  • In the near supercritical region, temperature is very sensitive to the influence of supercritical carbon dioxide fluid, so the correct selection of the temperature of the fractionation section is extremely important for the quality of the separation result.
  • The temperature of the fractionation section can be determined by experiment to ensure normal operation. Generally, when the temperature is 10-40°C higher than the critical temperature, the normal operation of the system can be ensured and a good separation effect can be obtained.

Effact of temperature difference

Because the reflux of the supercritical fluid fractionation packing section increases the temperature along the packing column at a certain pressure, reduces the solvent capacity, and makes the fraction with less solubility separate from the supercritical fluid phase.

So the temperature difference in the fractionation section directly affects The size of the reflux and the larger temperature difference are beneficial to improve the separation efficiency.

Simply the most complete
CO2 extraction process you can find

CO2 Extraction Process

From raw material preparation, we offer you the most complete CO2 essential oil extraction process.
At the same time, more than 100 CO2 essential oil extraction methods from the laboratory are also provided for you.

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Detailed explanation of CO2 extraction process steps of plant essential oils。

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About the co2 extraction machine cannabis.
You can read a lot of articles about cbd oil extraction from the Internet, but I can tell you for sure that they are not comprehensive at all, and even have wrong descriptions.

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